The flower is one of the most beautiful things present on the earth. A flower is the reproductive part of the flowering plant. Flowers come in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Their vibrant colors make them so attractive. These colors are made up of pigments. The most common pigments in flowers come in the form of anthocyanins.
Flowers exhibit morphological diversity in many attributes, including their size. The different sizes of different flowers help them in pollination or the reproduction process.
5 of the biggest flowers of the world are-
Rafflesia arnoldii is the largest flower in the world. It has a diameter of over three feet and weighs up to 15 pounds. This plant has no visible leaves, stems, or roots. This is a rare flower that is found in the rainforest of Indonesia. This is a parasitic plant. This flower is not only known for its size but also its fragrance. It smells like rotten meat, and this is an adaptation to attract the flies, which helps in pollination.
Amorphophallus titanium, the titan arum, is the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world. This is not a single flower but hundreds of small buds attached to a single stalk. This inflorescence grows about 10 feet in height. This is also a rare flower that is found in the rainforest of western Sumatra, Indonesia. Now this flower is cultivated around the world. The smell of rotting meat help to attract the pollinators, same as Rafflesia.
3. Puya raimondii-
Puya raimondii, known as the queen of the Andes, is the largest species of Bromeliad with one of the largest flower stalks of any plant on earth. It is 30 feet tall, and its stalk can get over 25 feet long, containing thousands of flowers. It is native to the high Andes of Bolivia and Peru. It is a protocarnivorous plant which means this plant traps and kills insects and other animals but cannot digest it directly or can’t absorb the nutrients like carnivorous plants. The plant has a close relationship with birds, and it traps the birds in its spiny fronds.
4. Corypha umbraculifera-
Corypha umbraculifera, a common name Talipot palm, is one of the largest palms in the world. This palm is native to eastern and southern India and Sri Lanka. It is also found in Myanmar, Thailand, China, Cambodia, and the Andaman Islands. This is the largest branched inflorescence consisting of millions of small flowers. Individual Specimen has reached a height of up to 34 meters, and the diameter of the trunk is up to 1.3 meters. This is a monocarpic plant and flowering only once at 30-80 years ago.
5. Helianthus annuus-
Helianthus annuus, commonly known as the sunflower, is an annual plant with a large daisy-like flower face. This plant is native to North America and Central America. The flowers are commonly bright yellow in color with brown centers. The sunflower rises high above the ground up to 12 feet. The height of the Russian Mammoth sunflower is about 9-12 feet tall. This is a heliotropic plant which means that they turn their flowers to follow the movement of the Sun from east to west. The flower head is an inflorescence consisting of hundreds or thousands of tiny flowers called florets.