It is a very important and interesting topic for the development of our country, its people, and for all of your health.
The Ministry of health and family welfare published a great report in the year 2019 about the country's nutrition named ' Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey '.
This survey was conducted from 2016 to 2018 to determine the different types of deficiencies in people of different age groups belonging to different states.
Some states have iron deficiency while others have vitamin A deficiency. So, where is the shortfall in our diet? It will not only be interesting to know this but also useful for us to apply in our daily life.
Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) is the country's biggest-ever micronutrient survey to have been conducted. It has been conducted on more than 1 lakh children and adolescents.
More than 2500 people conducted this survey across 30 different states covering almost all the districts in the country.
we all know that obesity is a kind of problem when your weight is more following your age.
One is being overweight and the other being underweight when you're weightless following your age.
Another one is stunning when your height is less following your age.
Yet another is wasting when your weight is less following your height.
It is interesting to note that you can be overweight/obese as well as stunned at the same time.
This means that your weight is more according to your age but your height is less. This is called a double burden. This can happen if you have a terrible diet.
According to the survey, 26.4% of children in the 10-19 age group in the country are stunned. 4.1% are overweight while 0.8% are going through double burden.
If we look at state-wise then Tamil Nadu, Goa, and Delhi amount for the height percentage of overweight children which is 12-14%.
The state where the percentage is lowest such as Bihar, Utter Pradesh, Jharkhand. But the percentage of underweight children is higher here.
The above data is also giving us the relation between malnutrition and poverty.
Anemia, which means having low hemoglobin concentration in your body.
Due to this, you can experience fatigue, weakness, tiredness as well as weakening of your immune system.
It can happen due to many reasons. It can be, due to a deficiency of iron, B12, and folate in your diet. Genetics could also be a reason.
The report states that anemia is seen most in West Bengal and Tripura. In children of the age group 10-19 years old.
Anemia, which is caused by nutritional imbalance is seen in vegetarians. This is because iron present in food is better absorbed by the body when it comes from a non-vegetarian food source.
We have some to focus on food. Non-vegetarian can focus on organ meats like liver while vegetarians can take the source of iron from seeds like alsi, sabja, seeds, sunflower seeds, and chia seeds.
Diet deficiencies in India
1. Iron deficiency
It's highest in Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.
Specifically in Punjab, 45% of children in the age group of 10-19 have an iron deficiency. The best states in iron deficiency are Jharkhand, Mizoram, and Assam where the percentage is around 10%.
Iron intake best, when you combine iron with vitamin c rich food because the absorption of iron is much better.
Vitamin C is the citrus food or fruits that are tangy in taste.
Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in the entire world. If any child suffers from iron deficiency then it affects his/her cognitive development.
2. Protein deficiency
This has not been mentioned in this report but the 2017 survey revealed that 73% of Indians have protein deficiency.
This is quite a bad and shocking number.
If you are a non-vegetarian then protein is very easy to get. Any animal product that you consume good protein in it.
Consuming even small quantities of meat, chicken, and fish will get you a good amount of protein.
Vegetarians on the other hand can have dairy products such as milk, buttermilk, cottage cheese as well as pulses, and beans. But, they need to consume in large quantities to get the same amount of protein as non-vegetarian.
A lot of vegetarians take protein supplements as well because they are aware that they do not get much protein from their diets.
A 2015 study revealed that 60-70% of dietary supplements. Consumed by people in the entire country are fake and unapproved. So, be aware and always choose reputed brands. Buy products from their websites, not from the online market.
3. Zinc deficiency
Gujarat, Manipur, Punjab, and Meghalaya have the highest percentage of zinc deficiency, almost 50% of children in the age group of 10-19 years have a zinc deficiency.
The best states in this regard are Nagaland, Mizoram, and Haryana.
Zinc is most commonly found in nuts, pulses, and grains.
Zinc deficiency is mostly found in people who have switched to a drastic diet and eliminates many things from their diet.
4. Vitamin A deficiency
The lowest percentage of vitamin A in Rajasthan, Sikkim, and Goa.
It's good in Mizoram and Jharkhand.
Vitamin A is like iron. The body absorbs it much more when it comes from non-vegetarian food such as egg, milk as well as in all meats.
As for vegetarians options, it is found in colorful vegetables such as red capsicum, carrots, yellow, capsicum, etc.
5. Vitamin D deficiency
It is the only deficiency found more in the rich urban population as compared to the poor.
This is because they stay less out in the sun. Sunlight is a good source of vitamin d.
State-wise: Assam, Tamil Nadu, Meghalaya, and Nagaland have the lowest deficiency while Punjab, Uttarakhand, and Manipur have the highest.
In the vegetarian food, the mushroom is one such vegetable that gives a good amount of vitamin D. Milk or dairy products does not have much vitamin D.
In western countries like the US, dairy products are fortified with vitamin D before being sold.
Now, what to do?
The above article does not only shows the deficiencies of different states of India, but it also shows the growing speed of such states.
It is now, our responsibility to increase the growing speed of each state, and it happens when the growth of children is excellent. So, always maintains a balanced diet for your family.
Compare the all above states, which helps you to understand very well and maintain your diet. All we know that children are the future of the country.