What is the density of the population?
The density of population is expressed in a number of person per unit area it helps in getting a better understanding of the spatial distribution of population in the relation of land the density of population in example India 313 person per square kilometer in 2001 and ranks third among the most densely populated countries of Asia following Bangladesh and Japan there has been a steady increase of about 200 persons per square kilometer over the last 50 years as the density of population increased from 117 persons per square kilometer in 1951 to 313 person per square kilometer in 2001
The data show in the image given in Idea spatial variation of population densities in the country with trains from as low as 13 people per square kilometer in Arunachal Pradesh to 9340 persons in the national capital territory of Delhi Among the Northern Indian states West Bengal Bihar Uttar Pradesh have higher densities why Kerala and Tamilnadu have higher densities among the peninsular Indian states like Assam Gujarat Andhra Pradesh Haryana Jharkhand Odisha have moderate densities the hill station of Himalayan regions in Northeastern state of having relatively low densities while the union territory has a very high density of population the density of population as discussed in the earlier paragraph is accrued measure of human and land relationship to get a better inside into the human land ratio in term of the pressure of population on total cultivable land should be found out which are significant for a country like India having a large agricultural population
What is the growth of the population?
Growth of population is the change in the number of people living in a particular area between two points of time its rate is expressed in percentage population growth has two components namely natural and induced wild in natural growth is analysed by analysing the crude birth and death rates the induced components power explained by the volume of inward and outward movement of people in any given area decadal and annual growth rate of population in India for both very low and steadily increasing over time the annual growth rate of India's population is 2.4 % as this current rate of increase it is estimated that the country's population will double itself in other 36 years and even short pass population of China the growth rate of population in India over the last one century has been caused by annual birth rate and death rate and rate of migration and thereby show different trends there are found district phases growth identified within this period an important aspect of population growth in India is growth of its adolescent at present the share of adolescent example up to the age group of 10 to 19 years is about 22% among which male consult 53% and female are 47% the population through regarded as the youthful population have high potential but as the the same time they are quite vulnerableif not guided and generalized properly they are many challenges for society as far as they concerd some of which are are low age at marriage , literacy etc