How to control diabetes levels?
Diabetic patients need to keep blood sugar levels under strict control.
If we talk about fasting blood sugar level, it should be less than 130 mg/dl and postprandial blood sugar level should be less than 180 mg/dl, and the HBA1C group shows three-month control of blood sugar should be less than 7.
And if you follow the tips related to Diabetes control which I have shared, your blood sugar levels will be under strict supervision, and the risk of complications will also decrease.
First, we will discuss Exercise-related recommendations. Diabetic patients should do 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week. And moderate-intensity aerobic activities include dancing, swimming, brisk walking, and cycling. So you can choose anyone from these and do them for at least 150 minutes per week...
Next, we will discuss lab investigations. Patients with diabetes should get their fasting blood sugar, and postprandial blood sugars checked regularly. Other than these, HBA1C levels should also be tested every 3 to 6 months. And at least in a year, you should get that investigation done. So in blood investigation, you need to get CBC, kidney function test, liver function test, liver function test, and lipid profile. These you should get tested at least once a year. Also, you should get an eye checkup, especially a fundus examination, which will reveal the condition of the retina. Also, once a year, you should get a feet examination, urine routine, and microscopy examination, and ECG checked at least once a year.
Next, we will discuss dietary management. Diabetic patients should keep their per day total calorie intake constant and controlled. And male diabetic patients should take 30 calories per kg per day, and female patients should take 25 calories per kg per day. Other than this, you should include high fiber foods in your diet, and examples of high fiber foods are salads, green leafy vegetables. Also, you should restrict carbohydrate intakes, especially refined sugar like maida and sugar. You should stop these completely. Besides these, red meat, which is found in
Parks and mutton should also be stopped. Instead, you can eat plant-based proteins found in pulses. And you can also have seafood-based protein like fish and prawns twice a week. Among fats, you should avoid trans fats and saturated fats. And trans fats are found in fried foods. Fried food is the source of trans fats, which are very dangerous. And sources of saturated fats are ghee, butter and you should also restrict their intake. Instead, you should include fruits in your diet, and diabetic patients can eat every type of freshly cut fruit, and if we talk about fruits servings, then diabetic patients can eat 3-4 fruit servings per day.
Next, we will discuss medications. The medicines prescribed by the Doctor should be taken in the recommended dosage and at the proper time and in an appropriate way. It would help if you remembered this. And you should never stop any medication without consultation with your Doctor.
Next, you also have to manage your weight correctly, and the ideal BML range for Indians is between 18.5-22.9.
Next, you properly manage stress in your life. Because raised pressure can also raise tension can also raise blood sugar levels, you also remember this.
Next, at least 7 hours of sleep is critical. And a good sleep also reduces stress, and stress levels are in control, then your blood sugar levels will also be in control and near-normal groups.
Next, we will discuss the management of associated comorbidities. So, if you have hypertension, your blood pressure levels should be less than 130/90 mmHg. And for this, you should follow the lifestyle measures, dietary management, and if any medications are prescribed, you should take them at the right time.
Last, if you are a heart attack patient, you had a heart attack in the past, or if you had a stroke, the Doctor has suggested Aspirin, Clopidogrel, or Statins. Then you have to take them regularly, but remember that you never have to start these three medicines without Doctor’s consultation. It would help if you only started these medicines after consulting your Doctor.
So these were tips related to Diabetes control. And if you will follow them, then your blood sugar level will be in governance, and the risk of Diabetes-related complications will also reduce.
Stay safe and keep your blood sugar level under control.