Forests as a storehouse of resourceshttps://youtu.be/Y8OKD0V13G8
A forest is a land covered with trees, where many wild animals can be found, and the human population is either absent or very little. We get many useful things from the trees in a forest, such as pulp for paper, wood, fruits, medicines, and raw materials for many other products produced in factories.
Through the process of photosynthesis, forests renew the oxygen supply in the atmosphere. Trees help to prevent soil erosion and add moisture to the environment causing rainfall.
FORESTS IN INDIA
The numerous products we obtain from forests are a part of our natural resources. A natural resource is something useful that is obtained from nature. In India, dense forests can be found in the Himalayas. Andaman and Nicobar islands, western Ghat area, Assam, and Odisha.
Forests in India can be classified into-Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical evergreen forests, Thorn forests, Mangrove forests, Mountain forests.
In modern times, large areas of forests are being cut down so that cities and towns can be built.
PEOPLE LIVING IN FORESTS
People living in forests depend on various forest products for a living. These people have a different style of living as compared to people living in cities and villages.
Different tribes have their own cultures, customs, languages, handicrafts, food, and religion.
Tribal people depend on forest resources for their living. Women gather various forest products such as tendu leaves, fruits, berries, bamboo, sal seeds, gum, mahua, and medicinal plants.
Using the raw materials collected from the jungles, these women make baskets, mats, brooms, etc.
Sometimes, tribal men and women walk long distances to sell various forest products they collect. Some tribes also grow crops.
Tribal people gather bamboo and use it to make a variety of utility items to earn their livelihood. Mats, hangers, paperweights, Stools, television and telephone stands, Chairs, sofas, and trays are some things. Split bamboo is so thin and shiny that it looks like ivory.
Table mats, panels, and screens made from it are trendy.
DEFORESTATION-A THREAT TO TRIBAL LIFE
Deforestation has adversely affected tribal life. It has destroyed their homes and livelihood.
Women often have to walk long distances to collect firewood and other basic needs. The absence of herbs and medicinal plants creates immense difficulties for the tribal people, as modern doctors and medicines are not available in the forests.
Cutting down trees has also forced some tribal people to travel to nearby villages and small towns to earn a living.
PROTECTION OF FORESTS
As forests are treasure houses of valuable natural resources, we need to protect forests. Tribals follow many methods to preserve forests and forest products.
Maintaining land fertility
Tribal farmers practice shifting cultivation. In this type of farming, one part of the forest is cleared, cultivated, and then left vacant for some time so that the land gets back its nutrients. Nutrients are substances that plants obtain from the soil to grow.
After some time, when the land becomes fertile again, it is once again cultivated. This method is also referred to as jhum farming.
In many forests, tribals look after the forest resources by guarding the forests against poachers. Poachers. They also prevent large -scale cutting down of trees.
Many tribal communities believe in sacred groves. They mark certain areas of the forests as sacred and create rules and customs to remain protected. Cutting down trees, killing animals, collecting fruits and nuts from trees of these sacred areas are banned.
The people believe that going against these rules would mean going against the law of nature.