Educated people in India is quite low as compared to other countries. The overall literacy rate in India in 2019 was 69.1 percent. The number includes the literacy rate in both rural and urban India.
Education is the criterion of the progress of a nation or society. The more the country encourages learning, the more it will develop. The education policy of any government depends on what kind of mental or intellectual awakening the nation wants to bring to its citizens. Education is the criterion of social control, personality building, and social and economic progress in any country or society. India's current education system is based on the British Model. Given the rapid pace in which the social, political, and economic landscape of India is changing. We must take an in-depth look at the background, objectives, challenges, and crises of the country's education system. The loot in the name of adult education and literacy in the country, the weak base of primary school, the separation of higher educational institutions from their strong role, and the professional attitude of teachers are creating a new crisis for the current education system. With the ideology of privatization and liberalization, the new faces of the capitalist economy, education has also been seen as a product that is bought and sold in the market. Many efforts have been made to improve the accessibility and quality of high scientific facilities. To ensure that higher education institutions can become centers of excellence, it was decided that accreditation procedures should be made mandatory for all universities. To achieve this goal, the National Assessment and Accreditation Test, along with other organizations, will be suitably streamlined, and more will be encouraged to establish more innovation and flexibility in the curriculum of higher education. The government has significantly increased the financial support of both the more top education sector in both the mixed plan and now- plan allocation. As far as the post-plan assignment is concerned, the budget allocation of Rs 640 crore has been revised to Rs 975 crore as per the budget estimates. Efforts are also being made to change the fee structures of universities to make the higher education sector more economically viable. The essence of the reports of all these committees is that spending on higher education is a waste of precious national resources in the current economic perspective. Thus, the only option left is to open doors to higher education for the private sector to compensate for the lost cause by the governments.
Our current education system is creating such an army of non-technical students who ultimately become a burden on their family and society. Therefore, there is an urgent need to link education with nation-building and character building. The present education system of India is still engulfed in a cycle of crises due to its in-depth analysis of the current education systems relationship with the social structure, detailed analysis of the curriculum, and it's fundamental weaknesses. Textbooks are changed every ten years, but the primary form of education needs to be changed too.