Who invented basketball?
The basketball game originated in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA. Dr James Naismith, a Canadian physical trainer who worked at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, introduced the game of basketball to the public in 1891.
In fact, he instructed YMCA athletes to prepare this indoor sport to keep them fit during the cold winter months. Naismith then put the game in front, consisting of two peach baskets and a soccer ball with 13 rules.
The first game of basketball was played between 9–9 players according to Naismith's rules, but its rules were changed over the years and improved to what we see today as modern-day basketball Know. Not only this, but the advantages of playing basketball also make it special.
Basketball Rules and Principles
Basketball is a team sport and is played between two sides. The main objective in a basketball game is to put the ball in the basket and during this time the opposition team has to stop it from doing so.
The basketball match is initiated by the referee at the centre of the court. During this time the ball is tossed up in the air and one player from each team competes to take it into his possession. The team taking possession of the basketball ball is called the offensive (offensive) team, while the team that prevents the ball from basking is called the defensive team.
Dimension and marking of basketball court
To understand modern basketball it is very important to know about the dimensions or size of the Basketball court.
According to FIBA (International Basketball Federation) guidelines, the basketball court should be in a rectangular play area having a length of 28 meters and a width of 15 meters. FIBA guidelines are followed only in all international competitions including Olympics.
The line that determines the length of the court is called the Side-Line and the line that determines the width of the court is called the End Line or Base Line.
According to basketball rules and principles, a court is divided into two equal halves, which are drawn in parallel between a mid-line or an in-between-the-line end line.
Two circular baskets or hoops at the midpoints of the two end lines or baselines are placed 3.05 m (10 ft) above the court and the hoops are placed 1.2 m from the end line. The rim of the basket is 46 cm in diameter and is accompanied by an open basketball net.
A three-point half-circle is made 6.75 meters from the centre of the basket or hoops. Inside this three-point sphere, a rectangular area (5.8 m x4.9 m) is created that starts from the baseline or end line, called the Key Area or Restricted Area.
The outer edge of the restricted area parallel to the line at the end of the court is called the free-throw line. A 3.6-meter diameter semi-circle is drawn on the exterior of the free-throw line, called the free-throw circle.
How many players can a basketball team have?
A traditional basketball team consists of 12 players, with five basketball players on the court at any given time. Unlimited replacement allowed.
Five players are placed at the following places:
Usually, players with the best ball-handling skills and vision in the team play as point guards. Those who play both offensive and defensive so as to create opportunities for teammates.
Usually the best long and mid-range shooter in the team. Players who control the situation constantly seek out three-pointers or can help make room for their teammates near the basket.
3.Small Forward -
This requires versatile skills. This requires strength and height as well as speed and dribbling capabilities. Mid-range and short-range shooting capabilities are also important.
4.Power forward -
It is very much like a small forward, but it is important to focus here. A power forward is usually very important to the centre and is the team's most trusted scorer from inside the paint.
The tallest players in the team are usually placed closest to the basket in both halves and are tasked with blocking opposition shooters, while their aggressive attitude requires them to finish short-range moves or basket the defenders. Responsibility.
An aggressive player may proceed by dribbling the basketball inside the court or passing the ball to a teammate. During basketball dribbling, a player needs to bounce the ball repeatedly, using one hand at a time, continuously hitting the ball with the floor. Also, if a player stops the dribble completely, then he has to pass the ball to another player or throw it to the basket. If the basketball players start dribbling the ball again after stopping, it is also considered a double dribble violation.
After catching the ball while running or moving, the player is allowed to walk a maximum of two steps before starting the ball pass, shoot or dribble. Otherwise, it is considered a violation of the move, as a result of which it is again handed over to the other party.
If a player is required to keep one of his feet in the ground while receiving the ball or after stopping the dribble, on which he can spin or pass the ball.
The player receiving the ball may start dribbling but cannot lift or remove the pivot, or the fixed leg until the ball is out of their hands. It is also called a travelling violation.
When a team receives the ball in its half-court, it has to reach the opposing team's half-court within 10 seconds. Once a team enters the midline, they are required to maintain possession in the defending team's half-court, and offensive players cannot then return to their own half-court. If the ball goes back to their own half-court, then it is a backcourt violation.
A defensive player is also not allowed to block or touch the ball when the offensive player is under the basket or is aiming to basket. This is called goaltending violation.
During an attack,
An offensive player is not allowed to remain in the opposition's key for more than three seconds without attempting a shot. This is called the three-second rule and is called Lane Violation. Shot Clock
Once a team captures the ball, they are given a 24-second shot clock, meaning they must throw the ball in a hoop or attempt a valid field goal to run out prematurely. Will be.