5 simple things everyone should know about covid-19

5 simple things everyone should know about covid 19

 

1.Common Signs and Symptoms 

 

  • Common Signs
  1. Increase in temperature usually >100.4 F
  2. Breathing faster than normal
  • Symptoms
  1. Fever>100.4 F
  2. Loss of Taste and Smell
  3. Tiredness
  4. Headache
  5. Muscle Pain
  6. Cough
  7. Chills
  8. Difficult Breathing

Note: Fever Is Both a Sign & Symptom, and some of the people are asymptomatic.

Many Symptoms such as fever, cough, and muscle pain are non-specific. They are common in Covid-19 and also in other respiratory diseases. But some symptoms are more specific for covid-19 (e.g., one-third of the patients report recent loss of the ability to taste or smell), which is very uncommon in other infections.

 

  • Emergency Warning Signs!!!
  1. Blue Lips (Not getting enough Oxygen)
  2. Increase the rate of breathing
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Chest Pain while breathing
  5. Waking up during sleep with shortness of breath
  6. New Confusion or difficulty waking up

Note: Immediate Medical Attention is needed if some of the Emergency Warning Signs appear!!!

 

2.Incubation Period

 

What is the incubation period?

The incubation period means the time from when someone is infected with the virus until symptoms develop.

The incubation period of covid 19 is 2-14 days.

  • 50 % of the people will become ill by 5 days after they are infected
  • 95% by 14 days after they are infected
  • 5% by 2 days after they are infected

 

3.Infectious Period

 

The Infectious Period is when someone infected with the virus can transmit the virus to other people.

In Covid-19,

  • The Infectious Period begins two days before the start of signs and symptoms of the disease.
  • The end of the infectious period is at least 10 days after the onset of the illness, and there is no fever within the past 3 days.
  • For asymptomatic people is usually more difficult to define. It is usually about 10-14 days after getting positive for the covid-19 test.
  • For Severe cases, it is usually up to two weeks or more.

 

4.Risk factors of Covid-19

 

  • Old age >65 years
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Any lung disease (asthma, emphysema, COPD)
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Weakened immune system (taking steroids or other medications)

Note: A person who has HIV that is controlled with medication is not at substantially increased risk.

                                                     

5.Transmission 

 

  • First way

Infected people have viruses in their mouths, noses, and throats.

It can spread through droplets while talking, laughing, coughing, and sneezing to other people.

 

  • Second way

Surfaces may have viruses from someone's respiratory droplets. The virus can survive on surfaces. It can travel up to six feet.

                                                                                                                                                                

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